Baluran National Park is representative of a specific forest ecosystem dry in Java, consists of savanna vegetation types, mangroves, forests season, coastal forests, mountain forests below, swamp forest and evergreen forests throughout the year. About 40 percent of savanna vegetation types dominate the area Baluran National Park.
Plants in this national park as many as 444 species, 3 of them are native plants unique and interesting and able to adapt in a very dry condition (still looks green), although other plants wither, namely:
- Widoro bukol (Ziziphus rotundifolia),
- mimba (Azadirachta indica), and
- pilang (Acacia leucophloea).
Other plants such as acid (Tamarindus indica), prasina (Dioscorea hispida), candle nut (Aleurites moluccana), gebang (Corypha utan), api-api (Avicennia sp.), Kendal (Cordia obliqua), manting (Syzygium polyanthum), and billowing (Sterculia foetida).
There are 26 types of mammals such as the banteng (Bos javanicus javanicus), wild buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), ajag (Cuon alpinus javanicus), barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak muntjak), deer (Cervus timorensis russa), leopard (Panthera pardus melas), mouse deer ( Tragulus javanicus pelandoc), and cat (Prionailurus viverrinus).
Animal bull was the mascot / characteristic of Baluran National Park.
In addition, there are about 155 species of birds including rare such as the kite fire (Hirundo rustica), tuwuk / tuwur asia (Eudynamys scolopacea), peacocks (Pavo muticus), red jungle chicken (Gallus gallus), kangkareng (Anthracoceros convecus ), hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros), and stork barrels (Leptoptilos javanicus).
Some locations / attractions to be visited:
Bars. Seeing heritage / sites of the Japanese cave, the tomb of the son of Maulana Malik Ibrahim, peacocks dance attraction in the breeding season between the months of October / November and camping. Facilities: center and campground information.
Bekol and Semiang. Observations of forest animals such as chickens, peacocks, deer, deer, buffalo, wild buffalo, birds. Existing facilities: homestead researchers, guest house, the tower of view.
Bama, Balanan, Bilik. Marine tourism, fishing, diving / snorkeling, and fights between a male deer in July / August; and a flock of gray monkeys that crab fishing / small crab with its tail at low tide.
Manting, Air Bokor. Water sources that never dry throughout the year, leopard habitat.
Popongan, Sejile, Sirontoh, Kalitopo. Boating on a calm sea, seeing different types of ornamental fish, observing migratory birds.
Bulk tears. Activities of rock climbing as high as 10-30 meters, with a slope of up to 85%.
Season best visit: March to August each year.
Baluran National Park in east Java province, Indonesia Banyuwangi north or east of Situbondo, the gate to enter Baluran National Park at 7 ° 55’17 .76 “S and 114 ° 23’15 .27” E.