Kampoeng Ampel in Surabaya
Kampoeng Ampel is an area on the eastern city of Surabaya is known that the majority of the population is ethnic Arabs. This area, once upon a time, is one of the center spread of Islam in Java in the Walisongo. This area became crowded, and even became famous religious tourist areas in Indonesia, because there are two important icons of the Great Mosque and the tomb of Sunan Ampel.
Not surprisingly, the existence of two religious icons are able to absorb thousands of visitors from within and outside the city of Surabaya. In fact, the special moments, often times there are visitors from abroad such as Malaysia, Singapore and the state – the state to conduct worship tetangaa, iktikaf, visit the tomb of Sunan Ampel, or just a walk in the Market Ampel. At least, said one security Nasir Mosque of Sunan Ampel, every month there are two busy days, namely Friday and Saturday Legi Legi. The peak noise occurs at the time of Sunan Ampel haul. At that time, the number of visitors estimated to reach 5 thousand to 10 thousand people. But, about the density of visitors, it happens pasa days during the month of Ramadan.
The number of visitors Masjid Sunan Ampel and can exceed 10 thousand people per day. They come singly or in groups with dozens of buses. Moreover, in the last ten days of the holy month, sperti night – odd, the number of visitors multiplied increasingly crowded area of about four hectares that. They were forced to take turns when going to prayer, especially for the pilgrimage to the tomb of Sunan Ampel Kanjeng whose original name was Raden Rahmatullah Rahmat. During this Ramadan, Ampel Mosque Takmir or better known as Sunan Abdi, opened the mosque area and dining area a total of 24 hours for the pilgrims and pilgrims. “We are open during Ramadan to the mosque 24 hours, and especially the tomb, except for 10 minutes before the obligatory prayers, we are closed during the worship took place”, he said.
Land of Ampilan
Back to the past, based on historical records in the Book Pengging Teracah, the invitation came after King Brawijaya, authorities Mojopahit, Sunan Ampel Ampilan rewarded land to spread Islam in the north side of East Java Island. Travel Sunan Ampel was then accompanied by several followers, including Ki Wirosaroyo. Previous Wirosaroyo Hindu. Once converted to Islam, he said wanted to travel to Sunan Ampel Surabaya. Incidentally he had a daughter named Karimah (who later edited Sunan Ampel). According to Javanese tradition, parents sometimes called by the name of her first child. So Ki Wirosaroyo of ten called by the name of Mr. Karimah, or more popular again with the title Mbah Karimah. “Back in Surabaya, Sunan Ampel first to build places of worship in Kembang Kuning. Name Kembang Kuning gebang said to have originated from yellow or yellow palm was a lot of time to grow in this area. Another version says, the name comes from Kembang Kuning yellow beetle animal, “said Nasir.
Established places of worship with Ki Sunan Ampel Wirosaroyo this, he added, a little small mosque shaped measuring about 12×12 feet and a quick-like cupola. The floor resembles a siti inggil fits according to the belief in divine munajat. After that, Sunan Ampel could go on and also to build places of worship in the village Peneleh. Only then, Sunan Ampel Ampel build a mosque in Dento perched stately and more crowded until now. If you visit the mosque which is located on Jl. Holy Ampel 45 or Jl. Ampel Mosque is 53, we can see the 30-meter-high tower near the entrance to the south side. At the mosque complex, there is also a well and a small drum remains the Sunan, and 16 poles as high as 17 meters (complete with carved calligraphy that read Section Chairs) that supported the roof of the mosque area of 800 square meters. The well is located adjacent to the west of the mosque is said to have many benefits. Muhtarom, a pilgrim from this Ponorogo drinking water wells and bring it inside the bottle. “I believe water is efficacious mas, to me personally by drinking this water all the disease in my body will be healed”, he said. Which is not less interesting, we can see the kingdom of Majapahit decorative symbol on the top of the door surrounding the Masid Ampel. Uses a series of symbols that could be a form of Sunan Ampel tribute to the King of Majapahit who have kindly given Ampilan land in Surabaya.
“Until now, the building is still relatively Ampel Mosque in the original. This is very different from the Break Tiban in Kembang Kuning has changed from the original building. Had violated a mosque was renovated a total of Grace, “he said. Total renovation was done, supposedly, to avoid the cult and can be kesirikan done by Muslims. Even so, no doubt if the image covered Ampel Mosque majesty and magic. Includes stories about Mbah Sholeh who is said to have nine lives. Mbah Sholeh, said a history, a faithful follower of Sunan Ampel, who during his lifetime diligently to help build and clean the mosque. One time, Sunan Ampel accidentally sighed, “Ah, if Mbah Sholeh still alive, certainly not the mosque compound this dirty”. Instantly, Mbah Soleh who died, suddenly appeared and immediately helped the Sunan Ampel mosque clean. Miracles happen again and again until nine times, until the death of Sunan Ampel in the year 1478 in Ampel. Mbah Sholeh died too soon, too buried in the tomb complex of old Ampel Mosque to the north. Here, we can see nine tombstones neatly lined up, as a sign of Mbah Sholeh have lived and died nine times.
On the west side of the mosque, there are grave Mbah Sonhaji or also known as Mbah Bolong. According to the story, Mbah Bolong is a person who contributed to determine the Qiblah direction by using a finger hole in the wall to see the Kaaba in Mecca. In addition to Mbah Bolong tomb, there are several tombs of the martyrs and the Sunan Ampel students. A few meters from these tombs, there is the tomb of Sunan Ampel, side by side with his first wife, Dewi Condrowati, one of the daughters of King Brawijaya.
Complex Sunan Ampel Grand Mosque which was founded in 1421 AD by Raden Rahmat with his followers, gradually becoming prettified. According to records, until the year 1905, Ampel Mosque is the second largest mosque in Surabaya. Denta Ampel by citizens, especially the area Sunan Ampel Ampel, constructed in such a way with the aim that people who want to make a pilgrimage to pray and feel comfortable and calm. Environmental Ampel then built five Gapuro (the gate) which is said to symbolize the five Pillars of Islam. When we visited this place across the south, precisely on Jalan Sasak, there Gapuro munggah. Gapuro munggah a symbol that Muslims are capable of pilgrimage obligation. This Gapuro past, we can enjoy the village atmosphere similar to Zinc Market near the Grand Mosque in Mecca. At the end of the hall this Holy Ampel, we will meet Gapuro Poso who became a reminder of the obligation for every Muslim to fast during Ramadan.
Gapuro is located on the south side Ampel Mosque. After passing Gapuro Poso, we entered the courtyard of the mosque. From this angle, the building looks magnificent mosque with a towering minaret. After conducting worship in the mosque, it’s good we’ll continue the journey and we will find Gapuro Ngamal. Here we can give charity according to ability and sincerity. Charity and our charity will be used for cleaning and conservation of the mosque and the tomb area. This Ngamal Gapuro also become a symbol of the obligation to pay zakat.
Not far from Gapuro Ngamal, on the west side, we will meet Gapuro Madep located just west of the mosque. The right side of this gate is the tomb of determining Mbah Sonhaji Qiblah direction Sunan Ampel Mosque. This gate will imply the implementation of prayers facing the Qiblah. Furthermore, before entering the tomb of Sunan Ampel, we will find Gapuro Paneksen. Last gate is the symbol or creed will testify that, “There is no God but Allah and Muhammad the messenger of Allah.” Besides the visitors can visit kemakam Sunan Ampel, before entering the tomb area, many pilgrims.
Apart from religious nuances that can be found in many corners of this region, market presence no doubt helped to enliven the atmosphere thick region in the Middle East Ampel environment. The market is at least in the hallway that connects the two lines with a central point Ampel Mosque and the tomb of Sunan Ampel, namely the Holy Way and Ampel Ampel Mosque.
Among them, said Alifa, 38, owner of the shop Alifa, the market in Jalan Ampel Suci it first opened. On the road approximately five hundred meters is filled with souvenir merchants, Muslim fashion, praying like a skull cap equipment of various brands, mukena, beads, al-Quran, religious books and DVDs to VCD religions and different kinds of dates.
Commodity prices are relatively affordable here, between USD 3 thousand to USD 150 thousand. But there is also the price reaches USD 750 thousand. Some clothing and equipment products are locally made prayer, such as from Gresik, Pasuruan, Bangil, Banyuwangi, Tuban, Probolinggo, Solo, Pekalongan, Banjarmasin, and so on. Others are imported from Pakistan, India or Poland. Traders are serving wholesale markets and retail. In addition, there are many other merchants who offer food and beverages, carved, perfume and even some that sell children’s toys. Traders were part of a native village Ampel, some immigrants who come menangguk Ampel opportunities in the region. And they have to rent a place to permanently store merchandise. The existence of this market is just one part of the overall Ampel religious tourism. Traveling to this area feels more comfortable because since 2003 and has been developed as a religious tourism by the Government of Surabaya City. The passage of this Holy Ampel
was much cooler because of the growing dome equipped with added comfort traders and visitors. Since defined as the area of religious tourism, various improvements have been made, including the increase in road Sasak, KH Mas Mansyur, Nyamplungan, showroom products and handicrafts Surabaya, where the arrangement of street vendors (street vendors), the construction of domes on the road Ampel Mosque, the construction of two welcome gate at the road and the road Nyamplungan Sultan Iskandar Muda, the construction of parking lots for buses, with a capacity of 40 buses. This area is also equipped with Ampel Market, formerly known as the Goat Market Nyamplungan road. At least, this new market will complement the more religious tourism icon in the region Ampel.