Ngayogyakarta Keraton or Kraton Yogyakarta Sultanate in general known by the public as one of building the royal palace of the archipelago. Sultan Palace is the official palace of Yogyakarta Sultanate until 1950 when the State government of the Republic of Indonesia to make the Sultanate of Yogyakarta (Duchy together Paku Alaman) as a special autonomous region with a provincial level DIY.
Yogyakarta Palace was founded by the Sultan began Hamengkubuwono I post a few months Giyanti Agreement in 1755. The location of this palace is the former allegedly a pesanggarahan who called Garjitawati. This rest house used to rest funeral procession of kings of Mataram (Kartasura and Surakarta) which will be buried in Imogiri. Another version says the palace is the location of a spring, Pacethokan Bannerman, who was in the middle of the forest Beringan. Before occupying the palace of Yogyakarta, Sultan Hamengkubuwono I stayed at the Guesthouse Amber Ketawang now includes areas Gamping Sleman District.
Physically, the palace of the Sultan of Yogyakarta has seven core complex is Siti Hinggil LER (North Hall), Kamandhungan LER (Kamandhungan North), Sri Manganti, Kedhaton, Kamagangan, Kamandhungan Kidul (South Kamandhungan), and Siti Hinggil Kidul (South Hall). Also Yogyakarta Palace has a good variety of cultural heritage in the form of ritual or ancient artifacts and historic. On the other hand, Sultan Palace is also a traditional institution, complete with customary stakeholders. Therefore not surprising that the values of philosophy as well as the mythology surrounding Yogyakarta Palace.
Member Bannerman Swimming Baths, Taman Sari, The Sultan’s Palace. Taman Sari complex Yogyakarta Palace is a relic of Sultan HB I. Taman Sari (Fragrant Garden) means beautiful garden, where the past is a place of recreation for the emperor and his courtiers. In this complex there is a place that is still considered sacred in the neighborhood of Taman Sari, the clash Pasareyan Ledoksari places and private places Sultan. The building is interesting is that Gumuling wells, two-story building with the bottom floor lies below the ground. In the past, this building is a kind of surau place to worship the Emperor. This section can be achieved through an underground tunnel. In other parts of the corridor is still a lot of other underground, which is a secret way, and prepared as a savior when the road any time this complex enemy attack. Taman Sari complex now remains only a little.
In addition to the grandeur of the building Yogyakarta Palace also has a cultural heritage is priceless. Diantarannya is customary ceremonies, sacred dances, music, and heritage (heirloom). Famous traditional ceremony is the ceremony Tumplak Wajik, Garebeg, rites and ceremonies SIRAMAN Sekaten Heritage and Labuhan. Ceremony from the Empire era to the present continue to be implemented and an Indonesian cultural heritage that must be protected from foreign claims.
- Tumplak Wajik
The ceremony is the ceremony of diamonds Tumplak Wajik manufacturing (typical food made of glutinous rice with coconut sugar) to start making pareden used in Garebeg ceremony. This ceremony is only done to make the Garebeg pareden estri Garebeg Mulud and Large. In a ceremony attended by the lords of this palace is equipped with the offerings. Besides the ceremony which was held two days before Garebeg also accompanied by a musical ensemble mortar-pestle (pestle rice), Kenthongan, and other wooden musical instruments. After the ceremony continued with the making pareden.
Garebeg ceremony was held three times in one calendar year / calendar Java, on the date twelve months Mulud (month 3), dated one month Sawal (month 10) and ten months of the date (month 12). In these days of Sultan pleased issued alms to the people as a manifestation of gratitude to God for the prosperity of the kingdom. This charity, which called Hajad Dalem, a pareden / mountains of Pareden Kakung, Pareden Estri, Pareden Pawohan, Pareden Gepak, and Pareden Dharat, and Pareden Kutug / Bromo issued only once 8 years old at the time of the year Garebeg Mulud Dal. Kakung mound shaped like a cone with a severed upper end slightly rounded. Most of these mountains consist of a bean vegetable green coupled with chili, duck eggs, and some other dried food supplies. Estri mound shaped like a basket full of flower bouquets. Largely composed of dry food made from rice or sticky rice shaped like a circle and pointed. Both mountains are placed in a box called Jodhang carriers. Mound pawohan consists of fresh fruit is placed in a basket of young coconut leaves (Janur) which is yellow. This mound was also placed in jodhang and covered with blue cloth. Gepak mound shaped like a mound just estri flat upper surface. Dharat mound shaped like a mound also estri but has the upper surface is more blunt. Both mountains are not placed in the last jodhang but only covered a circular timber. Gunungan kutug / bromo has a unique shape for continuous smoke (kutug) which comes from the burning incense. Gunungan this one was not contested by the public but was brought back to the palace to share with relatives in the kingdom. At Sultan Sawal alms Garebeg fruit pareden kakung 1-2. If two of a hotly contested then the Mosque Gedhe and a remainder is given to relatives Puro Paku Alaman. In the Great Sultan issued Garebeg kakung pareden, estri, pawohan, gepak, and dharat each of which totals more than one fruit. In Garebeg Mulud / Sekaten Sultan gave alms pareden kakung, estri, pawohan, gepak, and dharat each of which totals more than one fruit. If Garebeg Mulud held in Dal, the plus one and one pareden kakung pareden kutug.
Sekaten is a royal ceremony is held for seven days. It is said the origin of this ceremony since the kingdom of Demak. This ceremony is actually a celebration of the birthday of Prophet Muhammad. According to folklore Sekaten word derived from the credo of Islam, Syahadatain. Sekaten begins with two sets of gamelan out Sekati, KK and KK Guntur Madu Nagawilaga, from palace to be placed in the South and North Pagongan in front of the Mosque Gedhe. For seven days, starting on the 6th until the 11th month Mulud two gamelan is played / sounded (jw: beating) alternately marks the celebration sekaten. On the eighth night the Sultan or his appointed representative, do Udhik-Udhik ceremony, the tradition spread coins (coins). After that the Emperor or his representative into the mosque to listen to lectures Gedhe maulid prophets and the reading curriculum vitae prophet. Finally on the last day of the ceremony closed with Garebeg Mulud. During sekaten Sego Umami (a type of rice uduk) and Endhog Abang (literally = red egg) is a lot of traditional foods for sale. In addition there is also betel nut and flower kantil (Michelia alba; family Magnoliaceae). Currently in addition to such traditional ceremony also held a night market that began a month before the solemnization of the real sekaten.
- Ceremony Siraman / Heritage and Labuhan Jamasan
In the first month of the Javanese calendar, Suro, Sultan Palace has a unique tradition of ritual ceremony SIRAMAN / Jamasan Heritage and Labuhan. Spray / Jamasan Heritage is a ceremony conducted in order to clean and care for Heritage Kingdom (Royal Heirlooms) owned. The ceremony is held at four places. The first location is in Complex Kedhaton (nDalem Ageng Sweet Prabayaksa and wards). Ceremony at this location closed to the public and only attended by the royal family. Location of the second and third consecutive in the complex and Wijayan Roto Square. In Roto Wijayan cleaned / treated the horse-drawn carriages. Kangjeng Nyai amulets, official royal train at the time of Sultan HB I-IV, was always cleaned every year. Another carriage cleaned in rotation to assist (in a year is only one train that got rations turn). In the square cuts and a fireplace made of twigs and leaves that are Sengker Waringin the middle field. Last location was at the funeral of kings in Imogiri. In this place cleaned up the two vessels Danumaya and Danumurti Kyai. At the second location, third, and fourth public can witness the ceremony processional. Labuhan ceremony charity is done at least in two places at the Parang Beach Kusumo and Slope of Mount Merapi. In the second place objects such as the Sultan’s lower garment (batik), rasukan (clothing) and so on-float (literally = swept away). Labuhan ceremony on the slopes of Mount Merapi (Sleman District) led by Interpreter Lock Mount Merapi (January 2008 is now occupied by Mas Ngabehi Suraksa price or better known as Mbah Marijan) whereas in Parang Kusumo Beach Bantul regency led by interpreting key Cepuri Parang Kusumo. The objects are then contested by the public.