Lapindo hot mud flood, Sidoarjo
Sidoarjo mud flow or Lapindo mud or mud in Sidoarjo (Louise), is the hot mudflow incident in the location of PT Lapindo Brantas drilling in Renokenongo Village, Porong district, Sidoarjo regency, East Java, since May 27, 2006. Blast of hot mud for several months caused the sinking of settlements, agriculture, and industry in the three districts in the vicinity, and to influence economic activity in East Java.
Location of this mudflow in Porong, namely in the southern district of Sidoarjo regency, about 12 km south of the town of Sidoarjo. Sub District borders the Gempol (Pasuruan) in the south.
Burst location only 150-500 meters away from wells Banjar Panji-1 (BJP-1), which is owned gas exploration wells as operator Lapindo Brantas Brantas block. Therefore, until now, a blast of hot mud is alleged to result from drilling activities of Lapindo Brantas conducted at the wells. Lapindo Brantas own party have two theories about the origin of bursts. First, the mud flow procedures associated with errors in drilling activity. Both, the Lapindo coincidence coincided with the drilling due to the unknown. However, more material that it is biased due to drilling.
Location is a residential area and the surrounding area is one of the major industries in East Java. Not far from the location of the highway there are bursts of Surabaya-Gempol, highways Surabaya-Malang-Pasuruan and Surabaya-Banyuwangi (East pantura line), and cross the railway line east of Surabaya-Malang and Surabaya-Banyuwangi, Indonesia.
Based on several expert opinions out of the mud due to a fault, a lot of places around East Java to Madura as Mount Anyar in Madura, “mountain” also exists in the mud of Central Java (Bleduk Kuwu). This phenomenon has happened dozens, even hundreds of years ago. The amount of mud in Sidoarjo is out of the bowels of the earth about 100,000 cubic meters per day, which is not possible out of the hole the “boring” as wide as 30 cm. And due to the early opinions of WALHI and the Environment Minister who said in Sidoarjo mud is dangerous, causing levees built on public land, which for large volume making it impossible to accommodate the flood of mud and eventually make the affected land became increasingly widespread.
This mudflow brought great impact to the surrounding community as well as for economic activities in East Java. Until May 2009, PT Lapindo, through PT Lapindo Jaya Minarak have to spend money either to replace the public lands and make the dike is Rp. 6 Trillion.
- Mud twelve inundate villages in three districts. Originally only four villages inundated with a height of about 6 meters, which makes dievakuasinya local residents to be evacuated, and damage to agricultural areas. Mudflow was also flooded the educational facilities and headquarters Koramil Porong. Until August 2006, this mudflow has inundated several villages / subdistricts in District Porong, Jabon, and Tanggulangin, with a total of residents who were evacuated by more than 8200 people and displaced 25,000 people. Because no less submerged 10,426 houses and 77 units of mud houses of worship submerged in mud.
- Land and livestock are affected by mud recorded until August 2006, among others: the land area of 25.61 ha of sugarcane in Renokenongo, Jatirejo and Kedungcangkring; land area of 172.39 ha of paddy in Siring, Renokenongo, Jatirejo, Kedungbendo, Sentul, Besuki Jabon and Pejarakan Jabon; and 1605 birds, 30 goats, 2 cows and 7 tail deer.
- About 30 factories were forced to stop activities of stagnant production and laying off thousands of workers. 1873 noted that workers affected by this mud.
- Four government offices are also not functioning and the employees also threatened not to work.
- Not functioning of educational facilities (elementary, junior high school), Headquarters Koramil Porong, and damage to infrastructure facilities and infrastructure (electricity and telephone networks)
- House / dwelling damaged by mud buffeted and damaged as many as 1683 units. Details: The home of 1810 (142 Siring, Jatirejo 480, Renokenongo 428, Kedungbendo 590, Besuki 170), 18 schools (7 schools), 2 offices (the Office of District Koramil and Jatirejo), 15 factories, mosques, and 15 units musala.
- Damage to the environment on tergenangi areas, including areas of paddy fields
- The Lapindo through Imam P. Agustino, Gene-ral Manager of PT Lapindo Brantas, claimed to have set aside U.S. $ 70 million (approximately USD 665 billion) to fund emergency response to the mud.
- Due to amblesnya surface soil around the mud flow, water pipes broken PDAM Surabaya’s.
- Explosion of a gas pipeline owned by Pertamina due to soil degradation due to the mud pressure and about 2.5 kilometers of gas pipeline submerged.
- He closed the toll roads Surabaya-Gempol until an unspecified time period, and the resulting congestion on alternative routes, namely through Sidoarjo-Mojosari-Porong and Waru-lane toll-Porong.
- No less than 600 hectares of land submerged.
- A SUTET owned PT PLN and the telephone and electricity networks in four villages and a highway bridge in Porong not functional.
Closure of toll roads is also causing disruption of transportation routes Surabaya-Malang and Surabaya-Banyuwangi and other towns in the eastern part of Java island. This resulted in the production activities in the region Ngoro (Mojokerto) and that during this Pasuruan is one of the main industrial area in East Java.
Reference: Wikipedia Indonesia