National Museum of the Republic of Indonesia or the Elephant Museum, is a museum located in Central Jakarta, and precisely at Jalan Merdeka Barat.
National Museum of the Republic of Indonesia is one form of European influence, especially the spirit of the Enlightenment, which appeared in the 18th century. She was built in 1862 by the Dutch Government under Governor-General JCM Radermacher in response to the association Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen aimed at reviewing the scientific research in the Dutch East Indies. The museum was inaugurated in 1868, but as an institution in this museum was born in 1778, when the formation of Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen by the Dutch government.
National Museum known as the Museum of elephants from the elephant statue compliment by King Chulalongkorn from Thailand in 1871. But on May 28, 1979, the name officially became the National Museum of the Republic of Indonesia. Then on February 17, 1962, the Cultural Institute of Indonesia to manage, submit to the Government of the Republic Museum, Indonesia. Since then, the management official museum by the Directorate General of History and Archeology, under the Ministry of Education and Culture. But starting in 2005, the National Museum under the management of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism.
Notes on the website of National Museum of the Republic of Indonesia in 2001 showed that the collection had reached 109,342 units. The number of collections that make this museum is known as the most comprehensive in Indonesia. In the year 2006 the number had exceeded 140,000 collection of fruit, but only a third that can be shown to the audience.
Elephant Museum collects a lot of ancient artifacts from all over the archipelago. Among others that include the collection are ancient statues, inscriptions, ancient objects and other craft items. Collections are categorized into the ethnography, bronze, prehistoric, ceramics, textiles, numismatic, historical relics, and precious objects.
Before the National Library building located at Jalan Salemba 27, Central Jakarta established, Elephant Museum collection includes manuscripts ancient. These texts and collections of the Museum Elephants are kept in the National Library.
Source of collections were from archaeological excavations, since the time of grant collectors and the purchase of the Dutch East Indies. Collection of ceramics and ethnographic collections in museums Indonesia is largest and most comprehensive in the world. This museum is the first and largest museum in Southeast Asia.
Collection of interest is the statue Bhairawa tallest statue in the National Museum, 414 cm tall is a manifestation of the god Lokeswara or Awalokiteswara, which is a manifestation of Boddhisatwa (radiance of Buddha) in the earth. This statue of a man standing over the body and a row of skulls and holding a cup from the skull in his left hand and a short keris with his right hand of the Arab style, is found in Roco Padang, West Sumatra. This statue is estimated to come from the 13th century – 14. The oldest collection of Buddhist statues in the museum Dipangkara Buddha statues made of bronze, copper is stored in a room in a separate glass case, a different fate with Buddha statues, Hindu statues of the oldest in the archipelago, Vishnu CIBUAYA (about 4M) is located in the living stone statue without text labels and hindered by the statue of Ganesha from the temple Banon.
Jl. Medan Merdeka Barat 12
Jakarta 10110, Indonesia
Phone: +62 (0)21 386 8172